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Quelle: New England Journal of Medicine

Insbesondere Impfgegner haben in der Vergangenheit den Verdacht geäußert, dass die in der frühen Kindheit vorgenommenen Impfungen das Risiko eines Diabetes Typ I stark erhöhen. Nun zeigt eine in Dänemark durchgeführte Studie, dass dies nicht der Fall ist. 
 


 

 * New England Journal of Medicine Volume 350:1398-1404 April 1, 2004 Number 14
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Childhood Vaccination and Type 1 Diabetes
Anders Hviid, M.Sc., Michael Stellfeld, M.D., Jan Wohlfahrt, M.Sc., and Mads Melbye, M.D., Ph.D.


ABSTRACT

Background A link between childhood vaccinations and the development of type 1 diabetes has been proposed.

Methods We evaluated a cohort comprising all children born in Denmark from January 1, 1990, through December 31, 2000, for whom detailed information on vaccinations and type 1 diabetes was available. Using Poisson regression models, we estimated rate ratios according to vaccination status, including the trend associated with the number of doses, among all children and in a subgroup of children who had siblings with type 1 diabetes. Given recent claims of clustering of cases of diabetes two to four years after vaccination, we also estimated rate ratios during the period after vaccination.

Results Type 1 diabetes was diagnosed in 681 children during 4,720,517 person-years of follow-up. The rate ratio for type 1 diabetes among children who received at least one dose of vaccine, as compared with unvaccinated children, was 0.91 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.74 to 1.12) for Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine; 1.02 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.75 to 1.37) for diphtheria, tetanus, and inactivated poliovirus vaccine; 0.96 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.71 to 1.30) for diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, and inactivated poliovirus vaccine; 1.06 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.80 to 1.40) for whole-cell pertussis vaccine; 1.14 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.90 to 1.45) for measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine; and 1.08 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.74 to 1.57) for oral poliovirus vaccine. The development of type 1 diabetes in genetically predisposed children (defined as those who had siblings with type 1 diabetes) was not significantly associated with vaccination. Furthermore, there was no evidence of any clustering of cases two to four years after vaccination with any vaccine.

Conclusions These results do not support a causal relation between childhood vaccination and type 1 diabetes.


Source Information

From the Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Department of Epidemiology Research (A.H., J.W., M.M.), and the Medical Department (M.S.), Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Address reprint requests to Mr. Hviid at the Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark, or at aii@ssi.dk.

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