Context Childhood asthma is strongly associated with allergic sensitization. Studies have suggested that animal exposure during infancy reduces subsequent allergic sensitization.
Objective To evaluate the relationship between dog and cat exposure in the first year of life and allergic sensitization at 6 to 7 years of age.
Design, Setting, and Subjects Prospective birth cohort study of healthy, full-term infants enrolled in a health maintenance organization in suburban Detroit, Mich, who were born between April 15, 1987, and August 31, 1989, and followed up yearly to a mean age of 6.7 years. Of 835 children initially in the study at birth, 474 (57%) completed follow-up evaluations at age 6 to 7 years.
Main Outcome Measures Atopy, defined as any skin prick test positivity to 6 common aeroallergens (dust mites [Dermatophagoides farinae, D pteronyssinus], dog, cat, short ragweed [Ambrosia artemisiifolia], and blue grass [Poa pratensis]); seroatopy, defined as any positive allergen-specific IgE test result for the same 6 allergens or for Alternaria species.
Results The prevalence of any skin prick test positivity (atopy) at age 6 to 7 years was 33.6% with no dog or cat exposure in the first year of life, 34.3% with exposure to 1 dog or cat, and 15.4% with exposure to 2 or more dogs or cats (P = .005). The prevalence of any positive allergen-specific IgE test result (seroatopy) was 38.5% with no dog or cat exposure, 41.2% with exposure to 1 dog or cat, and 17.9% with exposure to 2 or more dogs or cats (P = .003). After adjustment for cord serum IgE concentration, sex, older siblings, parental smoking, parental asthma, bedroom dust mite allergen levels at 2 years, and current dog and cat ownership, exposure to 2 or more dogs or cats in the first year of life was associated with a significantly lower risk of atopy (adjusted odds ratio, 0.23; 95% confidence interval, 0.09-0.60) and seroatopy (adjusted odds ratio, 0.33; 95% confidence interval, 0.13-0.83).
Conclusion Exposure to 2 or more dogs or cats in the first year of life may reduce subsequent risk of allergic sensitization to multiple allergens during childhood.
View Full Text
Author Contributions: Study concept and design: Ownby, Johnson.
Acquisition of data: Ownby, Johnson.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Ownby, Johnson, Peterson.
Drafting of the manuscript: Ownby, Johnson, Peterson.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Ownby, Johnson, Peterson.
Statistical expertise: Peterson.
Obtained funding: Ownby, Johnson.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Ownby, Johnson.
Study supervision: Ownby, Johnson.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by grant AI 24156 from the National Institute of Allergic and Infectious Diseases, by the Fund for Henry Ford Hospital, and by grant PO3ES06639 from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
Financial Disclosure: Dr Ownby has received honoraria from AstraZeneca, Genentech, GlaxoSmithKline, Schering, Merck, and Aventis.
Sie möchten die werbenden Texte in Ruhe durchlesen?
Kein Problem: die Bilderabfolge kann mit der Maus beliebig lange angehalten werden.